TIPE KALIMAT INVERSI DALAM BAHASA JAWA NGOKO

Sumadi Sumadi

Abstract


Penelitian ini membahas tipe kalimat inversi dalam bahasa Jawa ngoko, yang masih terfokus pada kalimat tunggal. Teori yang digunakan di dalam penelitian ini ialah teori tata bahasa fungsional (functional grammar), khususnya yang berkaitan dengan fungsi sintaktis. Metode yang digunakan ialah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Dalam penyediaan data digunakan metode simak yang diterapkan dengan teknik sadap dan teknik catat. Dalam analisis data digunakan metode distribusional yang diterapkan dengan teknik bagi unsur langsung dan teknik permutasi. Dalam penyajian hasil analisis data digunakan metode formal. Berdasarkan kemungkinan perubahan pola urutan P-S, kalimat inversi dalam bahasa Jawa dapat dibedakan atas dua tipe, yaitu tipe kalimat inversi opsional dan tipe kalimat inversi wajib. Berdasarkan kemungkinan pemunculan konstruksi relatif, ada satu tipe kalimat inversi yang memunculkan konstruksi relatif dengan kata kang/sing yang sebagai penanda relatif.

This research aimed to discuss tlrc types of inversion sentence in ngoko (the low level of Javanese speech) Javanese, of which focus is still more on the single-sentence. Theory used in this research is functional grammar with syntaxtic function is the main focus. Method used is qualitative desciptive. ln preparing the data, the writer uses the observation method by previously applying the tapping and recording techniques. Then, the distribution method is used to analyze the data. The distribution is applied through both the immediate divisions of the sentence elements and permutation techniques. At last, the formal methods are applied to represent the analyzed data. Based on the possibility of P-S conversions, the inversion sentence in Javanese can also be distinguished into two types, i.e. optional and obligatory. Based on the possibility of the relative construction occurrence, there is particulaily another inversion type that features the relative construction with kang/sing (the relative pronoun) to be its relative indicator.


Keywords


tipe; pola urutan; konstruksi relatif; kalimat inversi; type; sequence pattern; relative construction; inversion sentence

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v38i2.17

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