POSISI PENGARANG DALAM INTERPRETASI: PEMBACAAN DUA SAJAK TERKENAL SITOR SITUMORANG

Dipa Nugraha

Abstract


On how interpretation must position the author of the text is still discussed and always relevant in literary criticism. From mimetic, expressive, social context and creative process, objective approaches towards Barthes’ the death of the author, to the Foucauldian function of the author, the positions of the author with and within his text have always been disputed. This study uses comparative approach. It applies reading with multiple lenses of interpretation to compare the interpretations from different literary approaches in regard to the position of the author in interpretation. Interpretive readings using multiple lenses of interpretation on the status of the author with and within the text are described to show the differences among them. Two most celebrated poems from one of the Indonesian best poets Sitor Situmorang,“Cathedrale de Chartres” and “Malam Lebaran,” are selected and interpreted in this article. The basis for every interpretive reading based on every theory discussed is also provided and explained. This study shows that the author is always present with or within the text he creates. His existence manifests in various ways and in different contexts. 

Pembicaraan mengenai relevansi pengarang di dalam pembacaan atau interpretasi karya sastra tidak pernah lekang hingga kini. Dari pendekatan mimetik, ekspresif, situasi sosial dan interaksi kreatif, objektif, kematian pengarang oleh Barthes, hingga berlanjut dengan fungsi pengarang oleh Foucault, posisi pengarang terus diperbincangkan. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan komparatif.  Kerangka kerja pembandingan mengacu pada interpretasi berlensa jamak yang menyuguhkan berbagai interpretasi dengan pendekatan yang ada sejak masa Yunani kuno hingga masa pascastrukturalisme berkait dengan posisi pengarang dalam interpretasi karya sastra. Dua sajak terkenal Sitor Situmorang, “Cathedrale de Chartres” dan “Malam Lebaran,” diletakkan dalam contoh kerja interpretasi. Di dalam setiap interpretasi yang disuguhkan diberikan acuan teoretis paradigma mengenai bagaimana operasi pembacaan atau interpretasi diberlakukan. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan bahwa posisi pengarang di dalam interpretasi tidak bisa dihilangkan dari setiap usaha interpretasi teks. Pengarang selalu hadir dan termanifestasikan dalam berbagai cara dan muncul lewat beraneka konteks.

 

 


Keywords


the position of the author, the death of the author, the presence of the author; posisi pengarang; matinya pengarang; kehadiran pengarang; the position of the author, the death of the author, the presence of the author

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v48i1.414

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