ISOLEK MELAYU JAMBI SEBERANG DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS) BATANGHARI JAMBI

Diana Rozelin

Abstract


Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dialektologi yang mengkaji perkembhngan isolek 5 desa di DAS Batanghari. Daerah pengamatan ini dipilih karena berada dipinggir sungai yang dekat dengan kota Jambi sehingga memperlihatkan perubahan relik daninovasi yang cukup kuat. Jarak tempuh yang sangat dekat ini, secara tidak langsung mempengaruhi pola pikir, budaya, dan bahasa asli masyarakat Melayu Seberang. Tujuan penelitian ini mendeskripsikan kosakata yang berbeda, menentukan status isolek setiap titik pengamatan, dan mendeskripsikan relik dan inovasinya. Teori dialektologi yang digunakan merujuk ke Mahsun (1995); Nadra dan Reniwati (2009). Teori fonologi menggunakan teori dari Robins (1975); teori dialektometri menggunakan teori Guiter; penetapan Proto Malayic mengikuti Adelaar (1992). Jenis penelitian yang diterapkan ada du4 yaitu penelitian kualitatif dan penelitian kuantitatif dengan teknik top-down reconstruction. Hasil dari penelitian ini ialah pertama, ada 53 data yang tidak sama secara antardesa (26.5%); kedua, status isoleknya berupa beda dialek dan subdialek; ketiga, relik meneakupi vokal /a/, /i/, /u/, /?/, sedangkan bentuk inovasi bervariatif.

 

This was a dialectology research which analyzed about the development of isolect 5 villages at DAS Batanghari. These places chosen because the position of villages near Jambi city, it would show strong changes of relic and innovation. The distance between Jambi city and Jambi Seberang not so far, so it would be influenced the way of thinking, culture, and the language of Jambi Seberang people. The purpose of this research was to describe difference words; identifying isolect status of every area; describing relic and innovation. The main theory which was used in this research that related to dialectology was Mahsun (1995);Nadra snd Reniwati (2009). Phonology used theory from Robins (1975); Dialectometry formula used from Guiter; Proto Malayic Adelaar (1992). The kind of research were: qualitative and quantitative research and also used top-down reconstruction technique. The result of this research first, there were 53 data for different words (26.5%); second, isolect status of area were different dialect and subdialect; third, relic of vocal were: /a/, /i/, /r/, /?/, and mendley innovation.


Keywords


dialektologi; dialek; relik; inovasi; dialectology; dialect; relic; innovation.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/wdprw.v41i1.62

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